To explore the new national standard introduced to the cotton industry impact
September 1, 2013, China began the implementation of GB1103 - 2012 "cotton fine cotton" cotton new standard (hereinafter referred to as the new standard), September 9 start of the 2013 cotton purchasing and storage policy according to the new standard. National Development and Reform Commission provides that the 2013 interim cotton purchasing and storage range: color white cotton four and above, light point cotton and two grade; length of 27 mm and above; micronaire value A, B and C grade C2 The ratio of breaking strength is more than the same; the length of uniformity of low-grade and above; rolling quality of mid-range and above. Cotton price difference in accordance with the China Cotton Association on August 30 issued "on the adjustment of" China Cotton Association, the quality of cotton price difference table, "the notice" implementation.
Cotton quality decreased
Prices have improved
The end of July to early August, most of the main cotton producing areas are even rain weather, making cotton production, but from the recent interview found that 8 months of fine weather in the late, the quality of the cotton around all have improved.
Zhengzhou, Xinxiang and other places seed cotton picking 75 to 100 kg / mu, seed cotton quality to white cotton 2, 3 mainly, there is a very small amount of light pollution point cotton grade 2. This year, Henan Province suffered floods, some cotton production is serious, but later the weather improved, the new cotton color white, cashmere length, maturity is good, cottonseed expected this year, seed cotton "quality".
Cotton farmers in Sheyang, Jiangsu Province, also generally reflect the weather continued in late August this year, clear and hot drought, although the late growth of cotton, especially to improve the peach and the realization of Qiutao top have had some adverse effects, but very conducive to the Cotton growth control. Field microclimate is to promote the bolls cracking and boll opening, mildew black rotten peach was significantly less than the previous year. From the quality of cotton has been picked to see, in full compliance with the new standard level of white cotton 4, as long as a little sorting processing, some can achieve the requirements of white cotton 3.
Due to the good quality of cotton, coupled with reduced cotton acreage, cotton farmers reluctant to sell heavy psychological, and cotton prices have increased, at present, most areas of the price of 8.4 yuan / kg. Dezhou Cotton Association Deputy Secretary-General Ma Junkai said that the Texas region has begun purchasing and storage of cotton, the price of 8.4 yuan / kg, 0.15 yuan higher than the same period last year / kg, and are mixed harvest, grading is not obvious. Reluctant to sell for cotton farmers, Ma Junkai another view. He believes that this is also related with the sales habits, "cotton farmers are usually finished and then sell all the cotton, pick part of the sale will be more trouble, some of the money needed to cotton farmers will choose to ship now."
Quality requirements more stringent
Processing enterprises pressure
As this year is the implementation of new standards for cotton the first year, and the China Cotton Reserves Corporation announced that the purchase and storage rules will deposit deposit from 300 yuan / ton to 500 yuan / ton, and a clear business-to Cotton is responsible for the delivery of life. New year purchasing and storage in accordance with the new national standard in the implementation of the color level, especially on the quality of rolling, length uniformity, fracture ratio, heterosexual fiber and other indicators are clearly defined. Textile enterprises generally believe that the purchasing and storage policy in strict accordance with all the new national standard in accordance with the principles of development, processing enterprises will play a normative and guiding role, this year is expected to improve the quality of cotton reserves.
At the same time, strict purchasing and storage standards and the strict requirements of the storage business, the purchasing and storage of heavy weight does not weight, in fact, to the cotton processing enterprises have brought no small pressure on enterprises to increase the difficulty of delivery. Hunan, a cotton processing enterprises, said that at present, companies are more cautious acquisition of cotton, and strive to put in a good quality when purchasing and storage, to prevent future cotton quality problems, loss of interest.
The industry said that the current scale of cotton mill test acquisition, processing and even censorship, to seize the resources will be obvious, but the actual profit is not ideal. Last year, more than 4 cotton in the storage are within the scope, but this year will be more than 3.5 into the reservoir. Therefore, last year's quality problems when purchasing and storage, this year is expected to avoid.
In terms of reserve cotton back, this year's purchasing and storage will take a one-time payment, and the margin increased to 500 yuan / ton. This is not sufficient for the overall funding of the ginning plant is bound to affect the overall acquisition and operations. Insiders believe that the phenomenon of large-scale rush and other irrational phenomenon will significantly reduce the probability of strict control of cotton prices, and small businesses may be due to lack of funds to cooperate with large enterprises. In addition, the Xinjiang region purchasing and storage will be based on processing enterprises inspection capacity and acceptance of daily storage capacity of the implementation of the limited time limit auction, the difficulty of purchasing and storage increased significantly, the enterprise to pay the progress of storage will be more restrictions.
The new national standard requires careful
With the cost of cotton is expected to decline
This year, the storage and storage standards in accordance with the new cotton standards, which is a good thing for the cotton business, its quality of rolling, length uniformity, fracture ratio, heterosexual fiber and other indicators clearly defined, so that textile enterprises with cotton Gave birth to a lot of trouble. In the interview, in the original cotton grading standards, the textile enterprises with cotton usually have their own set of standards, no matter how the procurement of cotton, companies are re-assessed according to their own standards. Procurement according to the provisions of the national standards of implementation, with cotton is a focus on physical indicators of self-set standards. The new standard of cotton refinement to four color types 13 color level, very close to the business habits of their own "with cotton standards", so that enterprises in the procurement, with the use of cotton link the same standard, you can completely solve the enterprise with cotton use And procurement of non-uniform price of the problem, thereby reducing the use of cotton inspection links, reduce cotton costs.
Some analysts said, "This is the first time the implementation of the new national standard cotton, cotton inspection will be more detailed and strict, if the exclusion of human factors, to meet the standards of purchasing and storage of cotton is expected to be less than last year.It is estimated to store 500 million tons, Accounting for about 80% of cotton production. "Data show that China's total purchasing and storage of cotton in 2012 6.56 million tons of cotton production by 7 million tons, into the reserves accounted for 93% of cotton production in 2012 cotton market circulation is very Less, and 2013/2014 due to the implementation of new standards for cotton, the reserves will not be too much, the market will increase the flow of cotton, cotton enterprises to choose more.
At present, reflecting the situation from all over the point of view, the domestic cotton market to sporadic Shouchu based. Xinxiang, a business person in charge said there are three main concerns: First, the requirements of the purchasing and storage rules for the quality of life of cotton is responsible for life, corporate pressure is great; Second, storage rules in accordance with the acquisition of the new national standard, the number of public security is still small, And the public security is difficult to grasp the docking situation; third seed cotton production is no longer suspense, while the 400-type enterprises overcapacity, resource competition will repeat itself, more worried about the prospects for the acquisition. The industry expects the majority of cotton prices to the end of September before the scale acquisition, slightly delayed than last year.