Over the course of two days, the 19th China International Chemical Fiber Conference hosted a feast for the global fiber industry in Tongxiang, Zhejiang. This year is not booming, but it has a higher popularity. This year's China International Chemical Fiber Conference is really exciting. Is this a common mentality for the industry to seek a breakthrough, or is it a symptom before the industry's counterattack?
With the uncertainty of the global economic recovery and the slowdown of China's economy, the chemical fiber industry has been affected by many internal and external weakness factors. The slowdown of macroeconomic development and structural adjustment have provided a strong and favorable repulsive mechanism for the transformation and upgrading of China's chemical fiber industry. More and more companies in the chemical fiber industry have reached the crossroads of development. They realize that stopping to think is a responsible behavior for long-term development. Although the industry is currently in a difficult position, the reporters did not feel the confusion of the participants at the scene. On the contrary, they had more consensus and expectations on the development of the industry.
Gao Yong, deputy chairman of the China Textile Industry Federation, said that the chemical fiber industry will inevitably develop in an innovatively driven, endogenous growth, resource-saving, and efficient and intensive manner. The chemical fiber industry will shift from the large-scale development of conventional fibers to a direction focusing on high-tech fibers and functionalized fibers.
Duan Xiaoping, president of the China Chemical Fiber Industry Association, also believes that China's chemical fiber industry has gone through a development stage where it can win opportunities by relying on increasing its total volume and pursuing scale. Benefit-led period of steady economic growth. This view is recognized by many chemical fiber entrepreneurs. They felt in the ups and downs of the market that large-scale speculative development in the chemical fiber industry will not bring broader profit margins. Instead, they will focus on managing products, operating culture, and operating. Brand. Injecting new technologies, new resources, low-carbon and brand vitality into the chemical fiber industry in a complex environment has become the corporate responsibility. It can be found in the comparison of the chemical fiber industry in many countries and regions in the world that it is extremely urgent to reconstruct the new advantages of China's chemical fiber under the new situation.
There is room for future growth
Since China's chemical fiber industry entered the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", the growth rate has dropped significantly. In fact, during the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, the annual growth rate of the chemical fiber industry was 13.2%, and the average annual growth rate of the chemical fiber in the "12th Five-Year Plan" for the development of the chemical fiber industry has been adjusted to 5.8%. Director Wang Wei said that the speed of development in recent years was within expectations. When making a judgment on the future situation, Wang Wei pointed out that, on the whole, although the growth rate of China's chemical fiber industry is less than half of the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, the quality of development is steadily improving. And from the perspective of future development trends, China's chemical fiber industry still has a lot of room for development after transformation and upgrading.
After analyzing the development status of the world's chemical fiber industry, Xu Kunyuan, honorary president of the China Textile Industry Federation, believes that the world's fiber output continues to rise, and the importance of chemical fiber has continued to show over time. China's chemical fiber industry is still widely used. Room for growth. At the same time, China's textile industry has stepped out of satisfying consumption and has entered into improved consumption, which requires the restructuring of China's textile industry to meet the new consumption model. As far as the chemical fiber industry is concerned, Xu Kunyuan said that changes in consumer demand will lead to the future development of the chemical fiber industry in China not only in terms of volume, but also in terms of quality and variety.
He Yanli, inspector of the Industry Coordination Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, believes that China's chemical fiber industry has now reached the critical period of structural adjustment. While reducing domestic production capacity, it is necessary to focus on differentiated multifunctional fibers, high-tech fibers, bio-based chemical fibers, and recycled fibers. Development of varieties and industry technology.
At present, the prosperity of the chemical fiber industry has also attracted much attention. On September 3, Tongkun Co., Ltd. announced the resolution of the shareholders' meeting and implemented a repurchase of shares not exceeding 550 million yuan. Chen Shiliang, chairman of Tongkun Group, said that Tongkun Group is optimistic about the development prospects of the industry and believes that after undergoing in-depth adjustments in the chemical fiber industry, it is now becoming stable. Chen Shiliang said: "This means that the benefits of Tongkun will rebound, and we believe that the stabilization of the benefits of Tongkun in the future will definitely drive our stock price." Duan Xiaoping said in evaluating Tongkun's move The repurchase of shares is encouraging to the industry, which is "Tongkun Group's confidence in the chemical fiber industry and the polyester industry."
Scientific and technological innovation is more important
The global polyester output in 2011 was 38.68 million tons, accounting for 75% of the total synthetic fiber output. In 2012, China's polyester output was 30.57 million tons, accounting for 80.6% of China's chemical fiber output. Xu Kunyuan, Honorary President of the China Textile Industry Federation When talking about the importance of technology, I reviewed the rapid development of the polyester industry. He pointed out that the reason why the polyester industry develops so fast is mainly because of technological progress. In recent years, the localization of large-capacity and ultra-fine denier technology and equipment has improved the product quality level and reduced the comparative cost. market. Therefore, a large amount of investment in similar products in the same period has resulted in "digestion" in the market. Xu Kunyuan also believes that this is not an excess of backward products, but the rapid development of equivalent advanced technology and equipment.
For more than 10 years, technological progress has brought tremendous changes to the polyester industry. Duan Xiaoping also introduced in his speech that the polyester polyester industry is the biggest beneficiary of technological progress. At present, the unit investment of the polyester industry is 1/8 of 10 years ago, the construction cycle is 1/2, the processing cost of the product is 1/2, and the spinning speed is 8 times that of 10 years ago.
In the past 10 years, the Chinese chemical fiber industry has made great progress relying on scientific and technological progress. In the next 10 years, the industry will rely more on scientific and technological progress to complete the industrial upgrade. Duan Xiaoping analyzed three main reasons: first, the transformation of China's economy cannot sustain the expansion on a pure scale; second, the marginal effects of technological progress on cost control and scale are gradually decreasing; third, traditional developed countries promote chemical fiber The driving force and capability of the technological progress of the industry are constantly declining, and the Chinese chemical fiber industry will inevitably gradually assume the heavy task of driving the scientific and technological progress of the global fiber industry.
High-performance fibers usher in a period of rapid development
Duan Xiaoping believes that the next 5 to 10 years will be the golden period for the development of high-performance fibers. He believes that there are several facts that can confirm this view: the industrial application field is continuously expanding; technological progress has brought high-performance fiber production. Development advantages, including low cost of production and expansion of downstream applications; China's economic transformation and upgrading, including the need for chemical fiber industry transformation and upgrading. For the development of high-performance fibers, Duan Xiaoping has several suggestions: To learn from the development experience of conventional chemical fiber varieties, it is more advantageous to develop from downstream to upstream; to keep an eye on the development direction of international chemical fibers, and to achieve low-cost production is a global trend; Pay attention to basic theoretical research and strengthen cooperation with scientific research institutions; pay attention to research and development of recycling technology to reduce the problem of environmental pollution in the future application process of high-performance and strong acid-resistant and corrosion-resistant fibers.
When talking about which high-performance fibers are the most worthy of promotion and application in the next 3 to 5 years, Zhao Qiang, director of the China Textile Research Institute, said that high-performance fiber varieties such as carbon fibers, high-strength and high-modulus polyethylene fibers, polyphenylene sulfide, and basalt fibers Will be widely used in downstream product development. Zhao Qiang said that the development of downstream products directly affects the development of high-performance fibers. How to increase the application and development of these high-performance fibers must be determined according to the characteristics of the fiber itself.
The high-speed development of high-performance fibers is very important on the one hand due to the demand for industrial textiles. Looking at the whole world, many countries and regions have targeted the future development market of the chemical fiber industry in this field, and after continuously improving technology and converging technology, they have expanded the application field of fiber. Japan Chemical Fiber Industry Association Vice President Hideyoshi Ueda said that the target market for the application of Japanese chemical fiber products will be further expanded, and more efforts will be made in areas including transportation, information, and the environment. Suresh Chander Kapur, secretary-general of the Indian Synthetic Fiber Association, also pointed out that the largest direction of Indian chemical fiber applications is industrial textiles, including medical, building materials, automobile manufacturing, and sports goods.